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Housing

Removing obstacles to brownfield development

With recent statistics showing that housing development is decreasing on previously developed sites but increasing on the Green Belt, Removing obstacles to brownfield development calls for Government to implement a range of inventive policies to realise the potential of brownfield house building.

The paper calls for:

  • the taxation of uncompleted housing for which planning permission has been granted on brownfield land;
  • improved funding and assistance for brownfield remediation;
  • special planning measures and state intervention to aid redevelopment;
  • and the increased use of tax increment financing.

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Set up to fail: why housing targets based on flawed numbers threaten our countryside

Our new research has found that housing assessments produced by local authorities (SHMAs) are inaccurate, inflated and unreliable. The housing figures produced by SHMAs are not being balanced with sensible planning for infrastructure, consideration of environmental constraints, and realistic assessments of what housebuilders will be able to deliver.

The full report is also available: Smarter SHMAs: A Review of Objectively Assessed Need in England

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Smarter SHMAs: A Review of Objectively Assessed Need in England

This report by Housing Vision with Tibbalds Planning and Urban Design reviews the methodologies used to determine Objectively Assessed Need (OAN) for housing and the problems caused by unclear and unhelpful guidance. It provides solid evidence and recommendations for our report Set up to fail.

A summary of the report is also available: Set up to fail: why housing targets based on flawed numbers threaten our countryside

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State of Brownfield 2018

An analysis demonstrating the potential of brownfield land for housing

We have long campaigned for prioritising the use of brownfield land for housing because we believe it stops the waste of precious countryside.

This research examines new brownfield registers, published by 320 local planning authorities in England.

It follows previous work from CPRE, including “From Wasted Space to Living Spaces” in 2014 and brownfield housing capacity research in 2016, which has consistently demonstrated that there is sufficient suitable brownfield land currently available for more than 1 million homes.

This report shows that local planning authorities have identified more brownfield land with space for more than 1 million homes, and that there is brownfield land in places where people want to live.

If this land is used more efficiently, the sites could deliver even more homes – preventing the unnecessary loss of countryside and green spaces.

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Targeting the countryside

The impact of housing land supply requirements on green spaces and local democracy

Our new research paper shows how a loophole in national planning guidance is allowing developers to bypass local democracy and gain planning permission for large housing developments in the countryside. Our paper was informed by a full research report commissioned by CPRE from respected consultants Parsons Brinckerhoff which is also available below.

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The Proximity Principle

Why we are living too far apart
This report argues that housing and planning policy should be governed by the proximity principle: the idea that compact cities, towns and villages produce the best social, economic and environmental outcomes. Proximity brings people and services closer together, reduces the need to travel and uses less land and energy. Before the development of modern transport, proximity was achieved automatically. Today, it can be achieved with careful planning and intervention by government.

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The Taxation of Property

A report by Europe Economics for the Campaign to Protect Rural England
What changes to the way we tax land and housing could work to the benefit of the environment and the countryside?

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Unlocking Potential: Best Practice for Brownfield Land Registers

CPRE campaigns for a beautiful and living countryside and we do that by working to protect, promote and enhance our towns and countryside to make them better places to live, work and enjoy. As part of this we have long campaigned for prioritising use of brownfield land for housing because we believe it stops the waste of precious countryside.

This new research commissioned from HTA Design LLP examines the identification and assessment of brownfield sites by local planning authorities in light of the Brownfield Land Register Regulations, 2017.

It finds that national and local government could be doing far more to identify more brownfield land and make the task more efficient in in the process.

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Untapped Potential

Identifying and delivering residential development on previously developed land: an overview of recent practice

A vast amount of land within towns and cities crying out for development is going to waste. Many councils are failing to identify opportunities for development on brownfield land. Our study found widespread neglect of sites such as empty or underused car parks, former industrial and derelict land. We commissioned leading planning consultants, Llewelyn Davies Yeang to research current practice among local councils in getting residential development on underused and neglected land.

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