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Taxes and Charges on Road Users

Memorandum of Evidence by CPRE to the Transport Select Committee Inquiry

CPRE believes that the environmental and social costs of more road traffic are now exceeding the benefits. While there are special circumstances in more remote rural areas, overall, we believe road users, particularly HGVs, ought to pay more to reflect these costs and improve public transport. This report outlines why road user taxes and charges need to be better enforced, with a greater proportion of revenue going go directly to improve access to public transport in rural areas.


The carbon impacts of High Speed 2

This report highlights that the first phase of HS2 would lead to a modest reduction in carbon, while adding substantial transport capacity. Greater carbon reduction can be achieved by sensible complementary policy measures and by making full use of the capacity that HS2 will release on the existing railway. 

In addition, the beneficial carbon effect is increased fourfold by the planned extension of HS2 further north and by better connections with the rail network. The Government’s plans for high-speed rail can therefore help meet carbon emissions targets but only if supported by a set of bold policy initiatives.


The end of the road? Challenging the road-building consensus

 Watch our animation summarising the report and download below:

This CPRE report reveals that road-building is failing to provide the congestion relief and economic boost promised, while devastating the environment. It directly challenges government claims that ‘the economic gains from road investment are beyond doubt’; that road-building will lead to ‘mile a minute’ journeys; and that the impact on the environment will be limited ‘as far as possible’. The report shows how road building over the past two decades has repeatedly failed to live up to similar aims.

The report is based on a study commissioned by CPRE and carried out by consultants Transport for Quality of Life (TfQL), which examined 86 official studies of completed road schemes. The TfQL research is available here.


The Future of Aviation

Memorandum of Evidence by the Campaign to Protect Rural England to the Transport Select Committee Inquiry

CPRE's evidence argues that aviation can be detrimental to England's tourism industry, causing a net job loss and particularly affecting the economy of rural areas. The submission calls for an independent review of Air Travel White Paper to achieve higher carbon reduction targets and take full account of social impacts on those dependent on domestic tourism, and the effect of noise pollution on health and tranquillity. Fairer taxation of aviation must tax planes not people, while funding investment in longer distance high speed services and sleeper trains.


The Future of Urban Transport

Response by the Campaign to Protect Rural England to the Department for Transport?s Plans for an Urban Challenge Fund

CPRE strongly supports proposals for a fund to incentivise local authorities to implement best practice. This fund should, however, cover the whole country not just urban areas.


The Impact of Road Projects in England

CPRE commissioned consultants Transport for Quality of Life Community Interest Company (TfLQ) to examines the impacts of road schemes on traffic, the environment, the economy, road safety and land use.

This study draws upon evidence of short-term impacts (between one and five years after scheme completion) from over 80 road schemes, published by Highways England1 through its Post-Opening Project Evaluation (POPE) process. This is supplemented by long-term evidence from four road schemes that were completed between 13 and 20 years ago: the A34 Newbury Bypass, M65 Blackburn Southern Bypass, A46 Newark – Lincoln dualling and A120 Stansted to Braintree dualling.

CPRE's summary report, The End of the Road?, is available here


The Major Road Network

CPRE's evidence to the Transport Select Committee's inquiry

CPRE's evidence recommends ending the expansion of the trunk road network which creates more traffic in country and town, seriously damages quality of life and increases carbon emissions, without improving real accessibility for rural areas. This document shows why any new transport schemes must improve accessibility rather than give hypothetical time savings, and why transport policy must give urgent priority to the promotion of car sharing and the reduction of car dependency.


The Mayor's Transport Strategy

A response by CPRE London to the consultation on the draft strategy

The London branch of the Campaign to Protect Rural England (CPRE London) welcomes a number of the the strategy's high-level ideas, such as better public space, greater use of the Thames, public transport upgrades, car clubs and cycle hire. However, we are concerned that the strategy does not do enough to support the growth of cycling and walking, and could hinder London's economic development, carbon impact and quality of life (including tranquillity and air quality).


The Right Lines Charter

A Charter for doing High Speed Rail well

Our Charter sets out four principles for doing High Speed Rail well, urging the Government to rethink it's approach to HS2.


The right transport infrastructure for the right reasons - CPRE manifesto briefing

We need to make better use of existing transport infrastructure and smarter decisions on new investment — to reduce demand rather than drive it.

This is a detailed briefing based on CPRE's manifesto for the 2015 General Election.


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