Other relevant land


Network Rail has a responsibility to keep clear of litter the operational areas known as the trackbed and all land trackside, this responsibility extends to 100 metres from the end of the platform. Network Rail is also responsible for cleaning at and around 18 key railway stations and the remaining 2,500 stations are managed by train and tram operating companies which are responsible for clearing litter for their respective stations. 

At railway stations measures are taken which assist in addressing the litter problem, such as the use of CCTV, security, fencing, and encouraging contractors to remove debris and other materials when they have finished work. Train operators may also work with the British Transport Police to prevent litter. 



The Clearance of litter from a Park is the responsibility of the Park owner UK legislation that can be applied for the clearance and/or enforcement against littering of parks.


  • Environmental Protection Act 1990
  • Clean Neighbourhoods and Environment Act 2005 
  • Anti-Social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014 
  • Other Legislation . . 2010 Waste (Wales) Measure, 2015 Wellbeing of Future Generations (Wales) Act, 

Responsibility for Clearance 

  • CouncilsSection 89(1) of the EPA 1990 places a duty on certain bodies to ensure that land, for which they are responsible, is, so far as is practicable, kept clear of litter and refuse. There are many bodies listed, including but not limited to County Councils, District and Borough Councils and Parish Councils.  
    • County CouncilsLarger Country parks are often owned and managed by the County Council who have a responsibility to keep them clear of litter and can apply litter enforcement measures. 
    • District & Borough Councils: District and Borough Councils often own smaller parks and have an obligation to clear litter from relevant land, including parks owned and managed by them. Under s87 of the EPA 1990, district and borough councils are also able to issue FPNs for littering.  
    • Parish Councils: Often a Parish Council will own and manage a small park and consequently are responsible for the litter clearance. Under Section 88(9)(f) of the Environmental Protection Act 1990, a parish council is recognised as a ‘litter authority’ which can issue FPNs for littering. In practice, parish councils are unaware that they have the power to issue FPNs. However, under the Environmental Offences (Fixed Penalties) (Miscellaneous Provisions) Regulations 2007 anyone authorised by a parish council to issue FPNs must have completed a course by a provider approved of by the Secretary of State (typically such courses are provided by the Keep Britain Tidy Network)
  • Private Landowners: Royal or National Parks are the Crown Authorities responsibility. NGOs or Charities own large areas of land or parks for which they are responsible, e.g. Forestry Commission, English Heritage, National Trust, RSPB. 
  • Environment Agency: Has no specific duties to clear litter from parks
  • Volunteers: there is no legal obligation on Volunteers to clear litter and they don’t have any enforcement powers. However, as it is a relatively safe environment Voluntary Litter picks often take place in parks.  





Responsibility for Clearance 

Two CPRE local group members picking litter at a CPRE event
Back to Litter on Land
Volunteers on litter pick walking away from camera with sacks of litter
Redress for members of the public
A young woman looks to the camera as she holds a litter picker and rubbish bag
Read the full report