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Smarter travel first

Smarter travel first Photo: © Kamyar Adl

As the most densely populated large country in Europe, England cannot afford to have an old-fashioned and inefficient transport system. To prevent the loss of our beautiful countryside to tarmac we need a transport system that’s smart.

That’s why we’re calling for a national transport policy to put smarter travel first.

What is smarter travel?

Smarter travel means moving away from the out-dated transport of the past, where we relied on building more roads to make way for more vehicles, occupied by fewer people.

Congestion and harmful pollution are not tackled by building bigger roads (which actually leads to more congestion and pollution) but through embracing the five key principles of smarter travel.


Principle 1: Start by reducing demand for the most polluting, inefficient transport.

Many journeys that get made in England aren’t at all smart. Houses are often built in places that are too hard to reach by public transport and shops are built on the edges of towns that make it too far or dangerous for people to walk or cycle. This leads to a lot of unnecessary driving.

The first way to start putting smarter travel first is by doing as much as possible to reduce the number of journeys that need to be made.

Some of the ways we can do this are by:

Principle 2: Provide people with alternatives to the most polluting, inefficient transport

Once we have reduced the number of unnecessary journeys that are made we need to make it as easy, affordable and safe as possible for short journeys to be made without needing to use a car.

40% of car journeys are under 2 miles. At such short distances there are many other types of transport that could be used such as walking, cycling, buses, trams and trains.

Some of the best ways to help people onto other types of transport are by:

Principle 3: Make existing transport more efficient

After unnecessary journeys have been cut out and the journeys that can be made on better types of transport have been moved onto them, then existing transport should be made more efficient. This will help to tackle congestion and lessen harmful pollution.

Some of the best ways to make existing transport more efficient include:

Principle 4: Increase capacity of powered transport

After following the first three principles, if there is not enough capacity for people to make the journeys that need to be made, then capacity increases should be made. This should prioritise the most efficient and least harmful options, such as:

Principle 5: Increase road capacity only as the option of last resort

If, after all the other principles have been followed there still isn’t enough capacity for people to get around, then, and only then, should increasing road capacity be considered as an option.

© Campaign to Protect Rural England, 5-11 Lavington Street, London, SE1 0NZ | Tel: 020 7981 2800 | Email: |

Registered charity number: 1089685, registered company number: 4302973

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